France and Russia join forces against ISIS
France and Russia join forces against ISIS –
France and Russia significantly stepped up their attacks in Syria and have agreed to join forces against the Islamic State group, with Moscow vowing revenge for the bombing of a passenger jet over Egypt and France invoking a mutual defence treaty obliging military aid from EU member states.
Russia on Tuesday fired a wave of cruise missiles and launched dozens of air strikes on Raqqa, the de facto capital of the IS group, hours after President Vladimir Putin vowed revenge for the downing of flight A321 in a “terrorist act” on 31 October over Egypt’s Sinai with the loss of all 224 people on board.
The Russian FSB spy agency had earlier said the plane was destroyed by a homemade bomb with the power of one kilo of TNT.
“The killing of our people in the Sinai Peninsula is one of the bloodiest crimes,” Putin said late on Monday. “But this will not prevent us from finding and punishing the criminals. We will find them, wherever they are, and we will punish them.”
France meanwhile launched more bombing raids on Raqqa overnight in response to the IS massacre of 129 in Paris last week, while the country’s defence minister, Jean-Yves Le Drian, on Tuesday asked EU states for aid under article 42 of the Lisbon Treaty, which obliges signatories to provide “by all the means in their power” military aid to any member attacked on its territory.
EU foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini said that EU defence ministers unanimously backed the request. It was the first time the article has been invoked.
Putin and his French counterpart Francois Hollande later agreed to co-ordinate their military and security operations, in a significant hardening of opposition to the IS group.
The Kremlin said in a statement: “It has been agreed to assure closer contact and co-ordination between the military and security service agencies of the two countries in actions against terrorist groups by Russia and France in Syria.”
Putin ordered the Russian navy in the Mediterranean to establish contact with its French counterparts and work together “as allies”.
In the UK, Prime Minister David Cameron told MPs that British forces should attack the “head of the snake” and said he would make the case for bombing in Syria. MPs voted against military action in Syria in August 2013, preventing UK forces from operating there.
The Lisbon Treaty article used by France is similar to Nato’s article five, which the US activated after the 11 September 2001 attacks and triggered the invasion of Afghanistan.
Nato said it was providing support to France but had not triggered article five. Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg said “many Nato allies have offered France support and help, and we are doing so in many different ways”.